In the recent case of McClelland v Golden Plains SC  VCAT 749 the Tribunal has again considered the Victorian Charter of Human Rights and its interaction with Planning Schemes. The case concerned a permit for telecommunications infrastructure.
The Tribunal notes that with respect to privacy – the Charter is concerned with an arbitrary or an unlawful interference with privacy. The Tribunal made the following comments:
Although it is not necessary to finally decide the issue more broadly than as stated in these reasons, it is perhaps worth commenting that, given:
- the way in which the right to privacy is qualified in s 13 of the Charter (i.e. interference with the right may not be unlawful or arbitrary);
- the reasonable limits on the right to privacy that might be justified in a planning context by reference to s 7(2) of the Charter; and
- the structure of the planning regulatory framework and planning schemes in Victoria–
- it would be a rare and exceptional case where a planning scheme provision was not Charter compatible, or that a planning discretion properly exercised within the limitations of the planning regulatory framework would be viewed as anything other than a lawful, reasonable, proportionate and justifiable limitation on a person’s right to privacy. Each case will however turn on its own facts and circumstances.
The Victorian Court of Appeal has recently considered the object of “harm minimisation” in the context of the Victorian Liquor Control Reform Act 1998. The Court cited with approval the following passage from a Western Australian decision
“to ‘minimise’ harm or ill-health, not to prevent harm or ill-health absolutely. The word ‘minimise’ is consistent with the need to weigh and balance all the relevant considerations.”
The case Kordister v Director of Liquor Licensing & Anor  VSCA 325 can be found here.
In the recent case of McDonald’s Australia Pty Ltd v Yarra Ranges SC  VCAT 1539, the Tribunal has recently decided to direct the grant of a Planning Permit for a McDonald’s Restaurant in Tecoma. The application faced community objections which raised numerous grounds. One of grounds raised was that the restaurant could lead to anti-social behaviour; the Tribunal made the following comments on this issue:
- We are not persuaded that a McDonald’s restaurant is likely to lead to increased social problems in Tecoma. No alcohol is served in their premises. No gaming, music or entertainment occurs. In the context of the high volume of business conducted in McDonald’s stores, some antisocial behaviour may occur, but should not be exaggerated. Such behaviours also occasionally occur in petrol stations, supermarkets and other public places that are also open for long periods.
- We refer again to the scope of our discretion. In our view patron behaviour is part of the use of the land, which does not require planning permission. There are no policies within the Scheme or expert evidence before us that provides a basis to elevate these concerns to being determinative in this case. To do so would be an error.
- Nevertheless we think that the design of the building and the car park should make the convenience restaurant a safe place. It would be unacceptable that the building’s design, lighting and landscaping creates public spaces that are unsafe.
Ultimately the Tribunal found that the design of the restaurant was acceptable. The Age newspaper reported on 24 October 2012 that Yarra Ranges SC had voted to not appeal the decision.
In the recent case of Wilson v Harrison  VSC 404, the Supreme Court of Victoria has considered an application by a Defendant to inspect notes taken by a “Prosecutor”, of a conversation with a potential witness. The proceeding involves an allegation that the Defendants failed to obtain building permits.
The case raises interesting questions with respect to the duties owed by prosecutors when acting on behalf of local councils. The case concerns matters commonly confronted by local council enforcement officers, and their legal advisers, when obtaining witness statements from members of the community. The Court did not need to decide the ultimate question of whether notes taken by prosectors are privileged. However, we are all on notice that this issue may arise when prosecuting and defending these matters. I recommend reading the judgement.
VCAT Planning and Environment List has confirmed its attitude towards applications for adjournments of hearing dates. If you practice in this jurisdiction you must be ready to run on the day your hearing has been set down see E & M Investments (Vic) Pty Ltd v Boroondara City Council (Red Dot)  VCAT 1223
“A permit applicant should not wait until it receives notice of a hearing before seeking to amend plans or otherwise prepare witness material. As soon as an application for review is lodged, this work should commence, if not before then when the responsible authority’s reasons for refusal are known (in the present case, in early January 2012) and a decision is made to review that decision. Either an applicant will have faith in the plans it has submitted with the permit application or it will consider that some modification should be made to respond to the council’s grounds of refusal. In any event, planning for a hearing needs to commence well in advance of any hearing date being known once an application for review is lodged.”
In McDonald’s Australia Ltd v Greater Bendigo SC  VCAT 610, the McDonald’s corporation has been successful in obtaining a permit for a convenience restaurant in a Residential Zone. In its reasons the Tribunal acknowledged that such use is sometimes incompatible with a residential neighbourhood but resolved the issue in the following terms
- Convenience restaurants can have a range of amenity impacts as set out in Clause 52.20. These were discussed in McDonalds Australia v Knox CC (2011) VCAT 142 as follows:
Convenience restaurants do have the potential to contribute to adverse off site amenity impacts as a consequence of the combination of traffic movements onto and out of the site, late night operation, lighting, the congregation and movement of people on the site, the generation of noise and litter. The applicant company does have an established reputation for adopting and implementing management practices aimed at minimising the adverse affects of these uses and there is no reason for me to conclude that similar approaches would not be applied here.
- I am satisfied that the following amenity impacts are addressed in this proposal:
- The built form is generally low scale and well setback from neighbouring properties;
- The property to the north enjoys some 17m separation from the common boundary. A 3m wide landscaping strip and acoustic fence are proposed on the subject site which will limit amenity impacts to the north.
- There are no overshadowing impacts;
- The proposed boundary fencing (1.8m acoustic timber fence) is consistent with standard residential fences;
- Direct overlooking is restricted by the proposed boundary fencing and associated boundary landscaping;
- Lighting can be designed to avoid spill to neighbouring properties;
- Patron management, while a key issue for these uses has been addressed in the conditions;
- Odour from cooking is managed through other legislation; and
- Litter is addressed in the conditions.
In the recent case of Davies v Moreland CC & Anor  VCAT 532 the Tribunal considered an application for an enforcement order to prevent the installation of a Smart Meter on a home within a Heritage Overlay.
The Tribunal dismissed the application on two grounds. The installation of a smart meter was routine maintenance which did not require a planning permit. Further the installation of the Smart Metre did not trigger a permit because it would not change the appearance of a heritage place.
The case provides a good analysis of the concept of “works” under the Planninng and Environment Act 1987.